Mángwelé ma typhoide

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Mángwelé ma typhoide ezalí mángwelé eye ebatelaka batu na fièvre typhoide.[1] Eza na lolenge mibale oyo ekoki kozwama bipayi ebele: Ty21a (mángwelé ya komela eye ekopesama na monoko) na mángwelé ya capsule Vi ya polysaccharide (sous-unité ya mángwelé eye epesamaka na tonga).[1] They are about 30 to 70% effective for during the first two years depending on the specific vaccine in question.[2]

Organisation Mondiale ya Santé (OMS) esengaka ete bana nionso na bisika biye bokono oyo bozali bapesama mángwelé. Soki te, basengaka ete banso baye bazali na risque ya kozwa bokono bapesa bango mángwelé. Ba campagne ya mángwelé ekoki mpe kosalisa mpo na kolandela ba epidemie ntango ebimelaka. Kolandana na lolenge makambo mazali, bakoki kosenga ete babakisa ba dose sima na mibu nionso kobanda na mobu moko kino na sambo.[1] Na Etats Unis basengaka mángwelé epesama bobele na baye bazali na risque monene ya kozwa bokono neti baye bakende mibembo na bisika biye bokono bozwi batu ebele.[3]

Mángwelé eye ezalí na ngonga oyo eza malamu mpeza. Ba effet secondaire ekoki kosalema na esika tonga ebetami. Mángwelé ya tonga eza malamu ata na baye baza na VIH/SIDA mpe mángwelé ya monoko bakoki kosalela yango soki kaka bilembo bimonani naino te. Bolamu ya mángwelé ya monoko na eleko ya zemi eyebani malamu te.[1]

Mángwelé ya yambo ya typhoide basalki yango na mobu ya 1896 na Almroth Edward Wright, Richard Pfeiffer, na Wilhelm Kolle.[4] Mpo na ba effet secondaire ezalaka recommandé kosalela mángwelé ma ba formule yasika.[1] Mángwelé ma typhoide ezalí na Liste ya ba Nkisi ya Ntina ya Organisation Mondiale ya Santé, nkisi eye esengeli yambo koleka na ba lopitalo.[5] Talo mpo na kosomba mipoko-mipiko eza 4.44 USD na dose moko kotala na mobu ya 2014.[6] Na Etats Unis talo ezalaka 25 kino 50 USD.[7]

References[kokoma | kobɔngisa mosólo]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 et 1,4 "Typhoid vaccines: WHO position paper.". Releve epidemiologique hebdomadaire / Section d'hygiene du Secretariat de la Societe des Nations = Weekly epidemiological record / Health Section of the Secretariat of the League of Nations 83 (6): 49–59. 8 February 2008. PMID 18260212. http://www.who.int/wer/2008/wer8306.pdf?ua=1. 
  2. Anwar, E; Goldberg, E; Fraser, A; Acosta, CJ; Paul, M; Leibovici, L (2 January 2014). "Vaccines for preventing typhoid fever.". The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 1: CD001261. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001261.pub3. PMID 24385413. 
  3. "Typhoid VIS". 2012-05-29. http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/typhoid.html. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  4. (en) Darren R. Flower, Bioinformatics for Vaccinology., Chichester, John Wiley & Sons,‎ 2008, 40–41 p. (ISBN 9780470699829, lire en ligne)
  5. "WHO Model List of EssentialMedicines". World Health Organization. October 2013. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/93142/1/EML_18_eng.pdf?ua=1. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  6. "Vaccine, Typhoid". http://erc.msh.org/dmpguide/resultsdetail.cfm?language=english&code=TYP00X&s_year=2014&year=2014&str=&desc=Vaccine%2C%20Typhoid&pack=new&frm=VIAL&rte=INJ&class_code2=19%2E3%2E&supplement=&class_name=%2819%2E3%2E%29Vaccines%3Cbr%3E. Retrieved 6 December 2015. 
  7. (en) Richart Hamilton, Tarascon Pocket Pharmacopoeia 2015 Deluxe Lab-Coat Edition, Jones & Bartlett Learning,‎ 2015 (ISBN 9781284057560), p. 317